Aleksandr Melnichenko, Ekaterina Karetina.
Committee for Urban Planning and Architecture of St. Petersburg
St. Petersburg, st. Vitebsk Sorting, east of house number 2, bldg. 1, letter G2, within the boundaries of the functional zone D1 2013
The concept of the project, its functional and artistic core lie in the fundamental desire of Architecture for freedom, lightness, and light. These are the three components on which the concept of our project is built
1/ Freedom of planning space -
is achieved by avoiding the system of columns and using long-span spatial structures.
2/ Lightness of artistic appearance -
the purity of the architectural solution, the use of consoles along the perimeter to expand the cubic capacity, the unsupported internal space of the entrance area and the multifunctional area at the ground floor level.
3/ Light – two-light light wells that penetrate the building vertically and create a child-friendly atmosphere rich in natural light.
Color is also an active component of the Palace of Science and Technology project. A large number of different functions concentrated under one roof requires a clear and logical system of reference points; the color code of the project helps in this. Rooms with similar functions are grouped next to each other and combined into color blocks, the colors of which are used to paint vertical communications, allowing even a child to easily find the right block. The rest of the interior space of the building is conventionally neutral - white.
In terms of urban planning, the Palace of Science and Technology project is located in the south-eastern corner of the site, which provides maximum views of the landscaped part of the site with the Volkovka River, and this solution also allows the building to be located as far as possible from the railway tracks and the designed overpass on the north side.
The flows of motorists and pedestrians are dispersed, motorists enter the underground parking from the western side of the building, after which drivers and their passengers are distributed throughout the building using vertical communications connecting all levels of the building, and people who come on foot or on bicycles enter the Palace of Science and Technology with an isolated pedestrian -recreational eastern part, through a system of vestibules.
On the western side of the volume there is a karting track and technical facilities. This location of the karting track is due to the fundamental division of the site into a noisy western part and a recreational, quiet eastern one. Also, being in the west, the karting track communicates with a ramp leading to the underground parking space and technical workshops.
From the northern part of the site on an area of 3 hectares. There is a storage facility with a total area of 35,000 sq.m. and the maximum height for the site is 50 m. It is the vertical dominant of the site, emphasizing the horizontal location of the Palace of Science and Technology; the storage facility is conventionally designed in a similar style.
The volume of the Palace of Science and Technology project is a simple geometric shape - a parallelepiped, or rather two parallelepipeds located one above the other.
In the body of the upper parallelepiped, which is structurally one single, long-span, spatial structure, there are:
- Training blocks
- Sports block
The lower parallelepiped is an absolutely clean, unsupported internal space, along the perimeter of which there is a load-bearing belt of structures supporting the upper parallelepiped. This includes functions that require large areas and cubic capacity without internal columns blocking the view and movement, such as:
- Entrance lobby area.
- Multifunctional covered area.
- Pool for ship modeling.
A striking accent of both the external composition of the complex and the internal space of the interior is the observatory hovering above the building in the form of a sphere.
Vertical connections inside the Palace of Science and Technology are carried out by means of evenly distributed grouped systems of evacuation stairs and passenger and freight elevators, which, due to the massiveness of their reinforced concrete structure, also serve as elements ensuring the rigidity and stability of the entire building. On the south side, under the spherical observatory, there is an open spiral staircase running inside a three-height atrium, which, in addition to connecting the floors, also serves as a volumetric, plastic sculpture in the interior.
The roof of the Palace of Science and Technology is in use; a separate part of it provides space for an airfield.