Aleksandr Melnichenko, Ekaterina Karetina.
Union of Architects of Russia
Irkutsk city, Surikov street 23. 2016
The project contains the following series of basic urban planning principles:
1. Creation of a closed residential block that prevents the following from entering the courtyard space:
- strong coastal wind
- using the yard as a parking lot - all parking spaces are located along the outer perimeter of the blocks or in underground and above-ground closed parking lots, and not in the courtyards.
2. The use of a volumetric-spatial composition of different heights, giving the block an interesting silhouette appearance and visual diversity for human perception.
From our point of view, it is more rational to make a variable height of 5-20 floors than to build everything up with a wall house of the same height of 12 floors - which does not have an individual appearance and a recognizable silhouette.
3. Using the zone between the embankment and residential areas to locate the MFC, this is rational from the point of view of the demand and accessibility of the complex for people; the embankment zone will always be filled with people and will be used more intensively, as a full-fledged public space. The MFC and the Concert Hall, united by one roof, act as an interesting architectural structure - an accent of the urban composition, being part of the water panorama and its decoration with its dynamic silhouette, and not hiding behind the block. This also provides additional wind protection for residential areas, but due to the insignificant height of the maximum = 10 m from the design level 0.000, it does not block the view of the water from the apartments.
4. Use of the exploited, partially greened roofs of the MFC and the Concert Hall as additional areas for improvement of the embankment and viewing platforms.
5. Separation of MFC functions:
- for “front doors” such as restaurants, yacht clubs, sports clubs, etc. located in a separate building along the embankment.
- and for auxiliary functions of retail trade, social and medical service enterprises, built-in kindergartens, offices - located on the 1-2 floor level of residential buildings.
6. Refusal of the transit role of the embankment in vehicle traffic.
Based on the example of international experience and the creation of world-famous modern residential neighborhoods implemented in the 21st century, such as:
- HafenCity district, Hamburg-Germany
- Lyon-Confluence area, Lyon-France
- New area in Malmo-Sweden
And a number of other projects, one can observe that in modern world urban planning, a transit highway along the embankment, filled with parking lots, is nonsense.
At the moment, this section of the embankment is not used for transit, we propose to leave it as such - opening it only for city residents as a pedestrian public space in front of the building of the Concert Complex and the MFC.
As: an entrance for loading, open parking for residents of the block and their guests, a fire passage - an intra-block one-way passage with controlled access serves, thus it is not visible from the water panorama and is not transit.
7. Organization of the most convenient pedestrian environment for residents of the block and visitors to the public area along the embankment. By limiting the transit of transport through the site, creating frequent pedestrian connections between residential areas and the embankment, the small size of blocks in the historical part of the city, public space along the embankment and on the roof of the MFC free from parked cars.
8. Preserving the CHPP chimney as the vertical dominant of the site and giving it the function of an art object, together with the volumetric-spatial structure of the facades of the Concert Hall and the MFC, gives the project an industrial touch, preserving the memory of the historical past of the territory and its temporal identity.