Aleksandr Melnichenko, Igor Britikov, Ekaterina Karetina.
Union of Moscow Architects.
Moscow region, Rural settlement Ilyinskoye, Krasnogorsk municipal district 2015
The main objective of the project is to formulate the principles of humane development and a diversified environment appropriate to the given territory and its context.
The main idea of the project is to develop the area with variable, structure and number of storeys, residential groups according to the “PYRAMID” principle - when the highest number of storeys is in the center, and on the periphery of the development, which is limited by existing 1-3-storey manor houses and forest groups, it is reduced to minimum level. Such a solution is possible, and aesthetically justified, only when using a combination of sectional and spot development of variable number of storeys - in the center of the districts and blocked development at the borders of the site. This will reduce the contrast between existing and new houses and relieve social tension.
The project also provides for an even distribution of different residential groups and social institutions among construction queues. Each of the 5 stages of the Ilyinskoye residential education has an approximately equal ratio of economical (sectional), comfortable (spot) and individual (blocked) development, and each of the stages also includes one school and two or three kindergartens.
The public multifunctional center is located in only one of the construction phases in the geometric center of the territory at the intersection of the main roads, near the village of Ilinskoye-Usovo.
The development of the territory is designed for different segments of the population and social groups; the project contains the following types of housing:
1/ The most economical sectional houses in the form of closed residential groups “square”
The variety of development of this type of houses is achieved by a variable number of floors, not only within the boundaries of the area, but also within one residential group - the number of floors varies from 5 to 8 floors, which gives the houses an interesting silhouette.
The houses also have a cozy courtyard, closed from public traffic and cars; fire trucks enter the courtyard through arches on the first floor level; residents of the house have access to the courtyard through through vestibules on the first floor level.
Parking spaces are provided in open guest parking lots located along the outer perimeter of the block and in separate multi-level parking lots.
2/ Comfort class housing in the form of dotted houses of 4-6 floors.
The comfort of living in these residential groups is increased due to a different typology of the house - dotted houses have a spacious and variable apartment layout, due to the use of load-bearing columns instead of walls, as well as maximum views from the windows and better insolation characteristics. The first floor, in the form of a one-story stylobate, on which there are residential points, is completely given over to rental space, in which premises of the service sector (such as grocery stores, cafe-restaurants, dentists, galleries, etc.) can be located. This also affects on the convenience of living in these houses.
The houses have a cozy courtyard, closed from public traffic and cars; fire trucks enter the courtyard through arches on the first floor level; residents of the house have access to the courtyard through through vestibules on the first floor level.
In this residential group, for most of the apartments, semi-underground and underground parking of 1-2 floors is provided (depending on the terrain); for the remaining part of the apartments, you can park your car in guest parking lots along the outer perimeter of the block.
The planning modularity of the development is combined with the dynamics of height. The distribution of building heights from lower parts, with townhouses, to higher parts, with dotted and sectional houses, in the centers of blocks as a whole provides a more humane combination with the existing estate development, in contrast to buildings of the same height. The confinement of individual cells creates a system of private public courtyards for the residents of these houses. At the same time, the structure of the cells themselves creates a system of through public areas (boulevards) connecting all the individual cells.